I'm working on the parser for jSuneido and it's going well.
In a few places the parser needs to "look ahead" at future tokens.
In cSuneido I did this by looking ahead directly in the source string.
When I was porting this code it seemed a little ugly. For example, it handled skipping whitespace but not comments. (Meaning you couldn't put a comment in certain places in the code.)
My next thought was to save the state, scan ahead, then restore the state. Easy enough, especially since it didn't have to be nested.
But it still seemed a little ugly.
Then I realized, I could just clone the lexer, and read ahead in the clone without disturbing the original. (I didn't use the Java clone stuff since it's a little twisted. I just made a "copy" constructor that takes another lexer.)
I'm a lot happier with this solution. I bet there's an even better solution out there, but this one will do for now.
I think one of the big weaknesses in beginning programmers is that they tend to settle for the first thing that works. But there are always other solutions and the first one you come up with is unlikely to be the best.
Of course, this is also what refactoring is about - improving your code, not settling for the first draft.
The hard part in this porting is having to read all the old C++ code and see all kinds of ways it could be improved. But I have to resist refactoring the C++ code or I'll never make any progress on jSuneido. One thing at a time. It's enough of a challenge to make the Java code as clean as I can.
PS. I'm back to using Eclipse. I could be happy with NetBeans but I find Eclipse a little better. Of course, part of that is just that I've spent more time with Eclipse.